englishspanish

Olive grove estate houses

The Haciendas are architectural complexes located in the countryside, mainly built between the XVI and XIX centuries. They are composed by constructions articulated around one or more yards, with a constructed area between 1.000 and 10.000 M2 (10,763.91 and 107,639.1 sq ft).

They were originally created for oil production. Nowadays they are being used with touristic, recreational and residential purposes. Traditionally, the haciendas were located in large expanses of olive grove. Today, these buildings can be found with or without land around them. In the surroundings of Seville more than 300 “haciendas de olivar” were counted, many of which have already disappeared.

In the haciendas coexist seigniorial or cult architecture and popular architecture, in an integrated way. Cult architecture, represented by the lordship, which lodged the use of the second residence of the owner, and popular architecture related to the soil and olive grove exploitation, and other agricultural and ranching functions.

Working and residential yards are the ones that perform a structuring function in the construction complex, in which we can find mills, silos, stables, chapels and  blacksmith’s. All these elements, yards, gardens and constructions, make close constructions that lead to rich and wide architectural complexes, with an exceptional beauty.

To talk about cortijos, haciendas and winepresses means to talk about ANDALUSIA, due to the fact that has found its means of support secularly in agriculture and ranching. Nowadays, the socio-economical structure has suffered a diversification, but still exist signs of rural Andalusia, and the main one is the architecture. Cortijos, winepresses, mills, farms and vineyard houses are a highly valuable cultural and architectural heritage.